Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa – one out of four Africans is a Nigerian – has been devastated by serious political and economic contradictions. In national and international affairs, the conventional wisdom in analyzing Nigerian politics is to see Nigeria as made up of over 300 tribes hostile to one another. Still others see Nigerians as Muslims and Christians at odds with each other’s religious philosophy. Others view Nigerians as been enmeshed in regional politics – Northerners vs. Southerners, or Easterners vs. Westerners. But a history of Nigerian struggle for independence from the British rule from 1861-1960 will reveal that conventional wisdom in analyzing Nigerian politics is very misleading.